What Is A Verb and Types of Verbs

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Types of Verbs

What is a Verb – A verb is a word that expresses an action, state, or occurrence. It is a fundamental part of a sentence and is typically used to indicate what is happening in the sentence. There are three main types of verbs Action verbs, Linking verbs, and Auxiliary verbs.

Action verbs

Action verbs describe an action that is being performed, such as “run,” “jump,” or “write.”

Linking verbs

Linking verbs, also known as copulas, connect the subject of a sentence to a subject complement, such as “be,” “seem,” or “appear.”

Auxiliary verbs

Auxiliary verbs, also known as helping verbs, are used in combination with other verbs to indicate tense, mood, or voice, such as “have,” “do,” or “will.”

In English, verbs are inflected to indicate tense, as in “I walk” (present tense) or “I walked” (past tense). They can also indicate the person and number of the subject, as in “I walk” (first person singular) or “they walk” (third person plural). Some verbs are irregular and do not follow the usual pattern of inflection for tense, such as “go” (goes, went, gone) or “be” (am, is, are, was, were, been).

Verbs can also be transitive or intransitive. Transitive verbs take an object, meaning they are doing something to something or someone, such as “I kicked the ball”. Intransitive verbs do not take an object, such as “I slept”

In addition, verbs can be further categorized based on their form and function in a sentence. Finite verbs are those that have a tense and agree with the subject in number and person, while non-finite verbs do not have a tense and do not agree with the subject. Gerunds, participles, and infinitives are all non-finite forms of verbs.


In conclusion, verbs are an essential part of a sentence, and their meaning and form can vary depending on the context in which they are used. Understanding the different types of verbs and how they function in a sentence is crucial for effective communication in any language.

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