Hub in Networking Types Should You Know About

Hub in Networking or what is often referred to as a Hub is one of the hardware devices used in computer networks to connect several devices such as computers, printers, servers, and so on. Hubs can be considered as a center or central point in a network that functions as a meeting place between several connected devices. In this article, we will discuss the meaning, functions and types of Hub in Networking.


What is a Hub and How Does it Work in a Computer Network?

Hub is hardware that is used to connect several devices in a computer network. Hubs work by receiving data or information from one device and sending it to all devices connected to the network. In this case, the hub functions as a multiplier or repeater that amplifies the network signal and sends it to the intended device.

Hub in Networking Types Should You Know About
Hub Ilustration – Blickpixel

Functions and Benefits of Using Hubs in Computer Networks

1. Ease of Network Setup

One of the advantages of using a Hub in a computer network is that it makes network settings easier. By using a Hub, you don’t need to set up each device separately to connect to the network, because the Hub will automatically connect all devices connected to the network.

2. Strengthen Network Signal

In addition, the Hub also functions as a multiplier or repeater that amplifies the network signal and sends it to the intended device. This makes the network more stable and robust, and reduces the possibility of interference or damage to the network signal.

3. Save cost

In large computer networks, using a Hub can save costs because you don’t have to install expensive network cables or connectors to connect each device separately. In addition, the Hub can also save on electricity costs because it only requires one power source to connect all devices.


Types of Hubs and Their Differences in Computer Networks

1. Passive Hub

Passive Hub is a type of Hub that only functions as a gathering point or meeting place between several devices in a computer network. Passive Hub does not have the ability to amplify network signals, so the maximum distance between the Hub and the device must not be too far.

Some examples of Passive Hub products in networking are:

  1. TP-Link TL-SF1005D
    This is a Passive Hub with 5 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports. This product is perfect for home or small office use where a simple network connection is required.
  2. NETGEAR FS105
    This product is also a Passive Hub which has 5 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports. Its compact design and plug-and-play make this product easy to install and use.
  3. Belkin 5-Port Network Switch
    This is a Passive Hub product that can be used to connect multiple network devices such as computers, printers and other devices. This product has 5 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports and a sleek design that makes it easy to place in a variety of locations.
  4. Linksys EG005W
    This product has 5 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports and a compact design that makes it easy to install in a variety of locations. This product can be used to connect several network devices such as PCs, printers and other devices.
  5. D-Link DES-1005A
    this is a Passive Hub which has 5 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports. This product is easy to use and perfect for home or small office use. This product is also equipped with an indicator light to facilitate network connection monitoring.

2. Active Hub

Active Hub is a type of Hub that has the ability to amplify network signals and send them to the intended device. Active Hub has its own power source and can amplify the network signal over a longer distance than Passive Hub. In addition, Active Hub also has the ability to repair damaged or weak signals.

Some examples of Active Hub products in networking are:

  1. NETGEAR GS308T
    This product is an Active Hub with 8 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS) and Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments.
  2. TP-Link TL-SG105
    This product is an Active Hub with 5 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with energy-efficient technology and plug-and-play, making it easy to install and use.
  3. D-Link DGS-1100-05
    This product is an Active Hub with 5 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS) and Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments.
  4. Cisco SG110D-08
    This product is an Active Hub with 8 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS) and Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments.
  5. Linksys LGS308P
    This product is an Active Hub with 8 Gigabit Ethernet ports and is equipped with features such as Power over Ethernet (PoE), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments that require a reliable network connection and sufficient electrical power.

3. Intelligent Hub

Intelligent Hub is a type of Hub that has more capabilities than Active Hub. Intelligent Hub can monitor network traffic and identify the address or identity of each device connected to the network. With this capability, Intelligent Hub can send data or information only to the intended device, thereby reducing the amount of network traffic and increasing data access speed.

Some examples of Intelligent Hub products in networking are:

  1. Cisco Catalyst 9300
    Cisco Catalyst 9300 is a network device designed to meet the needs of modern business networks. It is a modular four-switch that has the ability to integrate wireless and wired networks into one centrally managed entity. The Cisco Catalyst 9300 also includes the latest security features such as Cisco TrustSec, as well as flexibility in operating modes such as Cisco StackWise-480 and StackWise-160, and Cisco StackPower. This product is suitable for use in a business environment that requires a reliable and flexible network connection to support growing business needs.
  2. HP ProCurve 5406zl
    This product is an Intelligent Hub that is equipped with features such as Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), Quality of Service (QoS), and Power over Ethernet (PoE). This product is suitable for use in business and enterprise environments that require a reliable network connection and high scalability.
  3. Juniper EX2200-C
    This product is an Intelligent Hub that is equipped with features such as Junos Fusion, Virtual Chassis Technology, and Quality of Service (QoS). This product is suitable for use in business and corporate environments that require a reliable and fast network connection.
  4. Extreme Networks X670
    This product is an Intelligent Hub that is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), and Power over Ethernet (PoE). This product is suitable for use in business and corporate environments that require a reliable and fast network connection.
  5. Netgear ProSAFE M4100-50-POE
    This product is an Intelligent Hub that is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Layer 3 static routing, and Power over Ethernet (PoE). This product is suitable for use in business and corporate environments that require a reliable and fast network connection.

4. Switch Hub

Switching Hub is a type of Hub that has the ability to send data or information only to the intended device, just like the Intelligent Hub. However, Switching Hub also has the ability to divide the network into segments or parts. With this capability, Switching Hub can reduce the amount of network traffic and increase data access speed.

Some examples of Switch Hub products in networking are:

  1. Cisco Catalyst 9200
    The Cisco Catalyst 9200 is a series of Ethernet switches designed to accelerate the adoption of digital networking in business environments. This switch can manage network traffic efficiently with speeds up to 10 Gbps and the latest security features. The Catalyst 9200 is designed to meet the needs of small to medium sized networks with features such as quality of service (QoS), network segmentation and easy network management. In addition, the Catalyst 9200 also supports integration into the Cisco DNA Center platform to facilitate automated and centralized network management.
  2. HP OfficeConnect 1920S
    This product is a Switch Hub with 24 or 48 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), and Power over Ethernet (PoE), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments.
  3. D-Link DGS-1210
    This product is a Switch Hub with 24 or 48 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), and Power over Ethernet (PoE), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments.
  4. NETGEAR ProSAFE GS752TP
    This product is a Switch Hub with 48 Gigabit Ethernet ports and 4 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports. This product is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), and Power over Ethernet (PoE), making it suitable for use in business and enterprise environments.
  5. TP-Link TL-SG1024DE
    This product is a Switch Hub with 24 Gigabit Ethernet ports and is equipped with features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), and Port Mirroring, making it suitable for use in business environments and company.

How to Choose and Use the Right Hub for Your Computer Network

1. Determine the Number and Type of Devices to Connect to the Network

Before choosing and using a Hub, first determine the number and type of devices that will be connected to the network. This will assist you in selecting the right Hub type and capacity for your network.

2. Pay attention to the distance and capacity of the hub

Make sure you choose a Hub with the capacity and distance according to your network needs. Do not choose a Hub with too small a capacity or a distance that is too far, because this can affect network performance.

3. Choose the Right Hub Type

Choose the type of Hub that suits your network needs. If you only need the Hub as a rally point, choose Passive Hub. However, if you need a Hub with more capabilities, choose Active Hub, Intelligent Hub, or Switching Hub.

4. Set Network Configuration Properly

After selecting and installing the Hub, make sure you set up the network configuration correctly. This includes setting the IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server for each device connected to the network.


Hub in Networking or Hub is one of the hardware devices used in computer networks to connect several devices such as computers, printers, servers, and so on. The hub functions as a gathering point or meeting place between several devices in a computer network and strengthens the network signal and sends it to the intended device. Types of Hubs include Passive Hub, Active Hub, Intelligent Hub, and Switching Hub, each with its advantages and disadvantages. In choosing and using a Hub, make sure you pay attention to the number and type of devices that will be connected to the network, the distance and capacity of the Hub, the right type of Hub, and set the network configuration correctly.

Read more : What is Gateway?

In its use, the Hub can indeed help improve computer network performance. However, some drawbacks should also be considered, such as network traffic that can become congested, the Hub’s inability to send data efficiently, and network security issues. Therefore, apart from using a Hub, you can also consider using other network devices such as routers, switches and access points.

In using the Hub, also make sure to follow the usage guidelines from the Hub manufacturer and always carry out regular maintenance or maintenance. This will help extend the life of the Hub and ensure optimal network performance.

By paying attention to the right type and way of using the Hub, it is hoped that it can help you improve computer network performance. In addition, using the right Hub can also help you save costs and time, and maintain network security. That’s all about Hub in networking.

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